The SUDNAIP will play an important role in the development plans so it is important to read this document carefully and any comments
or additions are welcomed as a feed back for the decision-makers.
Consultations were also undertaken with development partners based in Khartoum. These include the Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment and Development (AAAID), African Development Bank (ADB), Arab Organisation for Agricultural Development (AOAD), European Union (EU), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Bank (WB), World Food Programme (WFP), Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Brazilian Embassy; among others.
The main outcomes of these consultations have been incorporated in the SUDNAIP process. The process revealed consensus on issues that are considered of high priority, namely the; right to land; importance of investment in infrastructure (railway transport, paved roads, feeder roads, rural markets and value addition); need to generate and disseminate improved technologies and access to credit and agricultural inputs; critical importance of policy reform, in particularly macro and micro policies to enhance and provide incentives for producers and agro-businesses; and
Importance of building capacity of producers and technical staff.
Accordingly, the national consultants revised the SUDNAIP framework to include the priorities of the stakeholders. Subsequently, a full-fledged SUDNAIP was developed, budgeted for and endorsed by the CTC on June30, 2015.
The validation workshop of SUNAIP is one day workshop that took place on 7th September 2015 in Khartoum to satisfy the following objectives:
Validation of the proposed SUNAIP document
To ensure relevance of the plan to Sudan context
To ensure ownership of the plan by all Sudanese people
To solicit recommendations that will help enriching and fine-tuning of the document while contributing to its effective implementation
The workshop was addressed by representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forest, FAO, chairperson of the SUNAIP National Technical Committee and attended by 95 participants representing the directors generals of the ministries of agriculture, water resources, livestock and fisheries at the federal and state levels in the Sudan 18 states, academics from universities and other research institutions, the parliament, agricultural research centers, private sectors, private sector civil society organizations, women organizations producers’ associations, private sector, agricultural banks and other related institutions. The workshop was gender-sensitive as 38% of the participant’s wee females.
The workshop methodology involved introduction of the document by the government, discussion by stakeholder technically supported by external facilitation input, group work, presentation of the group work, electronic communication of comments.. etc.
The workshop validated the SUNAIP taking into consideration the following:
There is a pressing need to addressing land issues as a prerequisite for supporting and ensuring vibrant investment in the agricultural sector Capacity building, especially at State level, is essential for ensuring successful implementation of the pan Risk analysis is absent in the proposed programme. Rigorous risk analysis, including political commitment is needed
The proposed management structure needs clarify over lines of mandates and responsibilities. Special management budget should be specified. Otherwise the whole implementation exercise will be at great risk. There a need to spell out clearly the economic feasibility of the proposed program so that possibilities of the programme for self-financing could be recognized and the alternative or supportive financial sources be identified To ensure ownership of the programme enormous and orchestrated efforts, at federal and State level, need to be exerted by the Ministry of Agriculture and its partners
There is a need for a mechanism to advocate the 10% expenditure in agriculture. accordingly, issues of lobbying and advocacy targeting national parliament and State legislatures are recommended
Sudan’s Socio-economic and Political Context Since 2005, Sudan has experienced a significant transition characterized by important political and socioeconomic impacts. The six-year transition period following the signing of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Sudan People’s Liberation Army had been characterized by many positive effects on Sudan’s economic, social and political situation. Over this period, the country enjoyed substantial political and economic stability and social security, which resulted in a high rate of growth, low inflation rate and creation of an environment conducive to a balanced and sustainable development based on agriculture. For instance, economic growth leaped to unprecedented peaks of 9.9% in 2006 and 10.9% in 2007; maintaining a level around 6% in the following two years. Inflation went down to single digits of 6.5% and 5.4%, respectively in these two years following a 10.6% level in 2005. Despite agriculture’s inherent problems, agriculture’s annual share in GDP grew to 6.5% in 2006 up from 4.8% in 2005 and a negative of 2.01% in 2004 and maintained rises of around 7% up to 20106. However, the new reality created by the secession of South Sudan (SS) in July 2011 has resulted in the movement to SS of some 8.26 million of its population, a 25 percent (619745 km²) and a shift in the total land area from North to South Sudan, including a loss of 68percentof forest and woodland areas, and 47 percent of reserved and protected wildlife areas. Moreover, the area classified as aridincreased from 65percentto 90percent. Of critical importance to pastoral areas, while the livestock population fell by only 28percentto 104 million heads, the natural rangeland resources uponwhich they depend decreased by 40percent.Also of great significance was the loss to SS of 75percent of the country’s oil revenue. All these factors posed substantial challenges to the food security, nutrition and livelihood situation in the country, especially that they come on top of many long-term existing anti-agricultural bias in policy formulation7in a country where most (some 70 percent) of its population directly or indirectly draw their living from agriculture.
Despite the loss of a considerable area of productive natural resources, agriculture continues to play a key role as an engine of growth for the economy and will maintain its role as the main source of income and livelihood for the population.The country’s rich agricultural potential holds high promise for livelihood improvements, particularly those connected with engagement of the poorly employed youth and women sectors. Also, the favourable geographical location of Sudan within both Africa and the Arab Worlds qualifies it to play a leading role in regional food security. Overall, the development of the agricultural sector, to which SUDNAIP strongly contributes through the identification of priority investment areas, reinforces an environment characterised by general peace, food security and nutrition and settlement of people in the rural areas. It also offers the fastest and most effective means for poverty reduction.
The agriculture sector is the most important economic sector in the country. As derived from the data records of Sudan’s Central Bureau of Statistics, the sector contributed on average about 34percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 2009 to2013 (Table 1). While ranging from 32.2to 34.4percentover that period, the largest share of agricultural GDP was derived from livestock production (47 percent), followed by large-scale irrigation (28 percent),traditional rain-fed farming (15 percent), forest products (7 percent) and semi-mechanized farming (3 percent).
According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, Sudan's real GDP was projected to grow by 2.9 percent in 2013 and forecasted to improve to 5.7 percent by 2017. Meanwhile, inflation, at 20.8 percent in 2013, was still high. The petroleum sector, which grew at negatives of 2.8percent, -27.2percentand 53.8percentin 2010, 2011 and 2012,its growth turned positive to 2.8percent in 2013.This was accompanied by a positive, but variable and increasingly modest, growth rate for the agricultural sector amounting to 11.7percent, 3.4percent, 5.7percentand 3.5percentover the same period.
The sector provides employment for about 70 percent of the country’s population while providing inputs to many major food-processing industries (e.g., sorghum, millet and wheat products, edibles oils, milk products, meat products, animal feed, leather, sugar, and others).The manufacturing sector in Sudan is overwhelmingly agriculture-dependent; receiving about 60% of its needed raw material from agriculture8.