The SUDNAIP will play an important role in the development plans so it is important to read this document carefully
and any comments or additions are welcomed as a feed back for the decision-makers.
Based on the above priorities, the Investment Programs that will translate the above strategy into actions will require: (i) increasing production and productivity through modernization of the agriculture systems; (ii) enhancing production by support services and establishing knowledge and information network; (iii) developing marketing infrastructure to increase competiveness and increase value-addition through agro-industrialization and value chain development; (iv) protecting and conserving natural resources with a priority of addressing the agriculture land issue as a key factor in the natural resource management; (v) mainstreaming food and nutrition security and safety; (vi) creating an enabling policy and a legal environment for sustained agriculture growth; and (vii) reforming the institutions and increasing capacities of staff and producers in the agricultural sector.
The year 2003 witnessed the signing, by African Heads of State and Government, of the Maputo Declaration, which launched the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) as a NEPAD vision for restoration of growth, food security and rural development in Africa.
The main goal of the CAADP is to help African countries reach a higher path of economic growth through agriculturally-led development which eliminates hunger, reduces poverty and food insecurity, and enables expansion of exports5.The CAADP framework reflects a set of key principles and targets identified as: Agriculture-led growth as the main strategy to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of Poverty Reduction. Allocation of 10 percent of national budgets to the agricultural sector, Pursuit of a 6percentaverage annual agriculture sector growth at the national level. Exploitation of regional complementarities and cooperation to boost growth. Policy efficiency, dialogue, review and accountability shared by all NEPAD programs. Partnerships and alliances to include producers, agribusiness and civil society communities. Assigning the role and responsibility of programme implementation to individual countries, those of coordination to designated regional economic communities, and those of facilitation to the NEPAD Secretariat.
On the basis of these principles, the CAADP process at the country level envisions building upon on-going country efforts led by national governments and other stakeholders. In general, the country CAADP process is initially built on sustainable and demand-driven agricultural growth to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods.
The CAADP is a strategic framework to guide country development efforts and partnerships in the agricultural sector. It directs investment to four mutually reinforcing and interlinked pillars, each with a framework that guides policy alignment and suggests actions for countries to consider in designing their CAADP Compacts, policy alignment, programme design, investments and post-compact monitoring and evaluation. These pillars are:
Pillar I: Framework for Sustainable Land and Water Management to extend the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems; Pillar II: Framework for Improving Market Access to invest and enhance rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for market access;
Pillar III: Framework for African Food Security (FAFS) seeks to improve risk management, increase food supply, improve incomes for the poor and reduce hunger and malnutrition; and Pillar IV: Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP) seeks to improve agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption through strengthened agricultural knowledge systems to deliver profitable and sustainable technologies that are widely adopted by farmers resulting in sustained agricultural growth.
Sudan and CAADP
The Sudan CAADP process dates back to 2006 with the preparation of the National Medium-Term Investment Plan (NMTIP) and the development of Bankable Investment Project Profiles (BIPPs) with FAO assistance. In 2007/2008, the respective roles of NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) and COMESA were clarified. COMESA was given the responsibility of supporting Sudan. Consequently, a Letter of Engagement was sent to COMESA in 2008 and an orientation launching workshop was held in March 2008. Background studies were carried out during the pre-Compact phase between 2008 and 2012including a “stocktaking document”, undertaken with financial assistance from COMESA. The Compact was subsequently signed on 30 July 2013. It draws mostly on the priorities and pillars of the Agricultural Revival Programme (ARP) covering the period 2008-2011.
In August2014, the Sudan started the process of preparing the National Agricultural Investment Plan (SUDNAIP) with assistance from FAO (TCIA and FAOSD) under a TCP arrangement, which included the recruitment of national consultants to lead the technical support to the preparation of SUDNAIP.
Further preparatory steps were taken by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, including: .The designation of a National Steering Committee (NSC) chaired by the Minister of Agriculture and Forests to supervise the preparation of the plan. This Committee consisted of 52 members representing all concerned parties;
The establishment of a Core Technical Committee (CTC) which consisted of 13 members responsible for facilitating the SDNAIP preparations and ensuring the alignment of the SUDNAIP with the national strategies and policies; The formation of10sub-sectoraltechnical committees consisting of 250 members representing all stakeholders in the public and private sectors, NGOs, producer organizations and national experts. Each of the ten Subgroups was chaired by a member of the CTC.
The overall domain of the SUDNAIP was based on the five objectives and nine indicators of success pursued in the ARP and the CAADP four pillars. The Thematic Groups and the CTC proposed seven Investment Programme Areas (IPAs) approved by the National Steering Committee (NSC) and further elaborated into a SUDNAIP framework by the national consultants. Each programme area has been disaggregated into sub-programmes and components. The SUDNAIP is oriented in line with the following reference documents and strategic priorities: The Quarter Century Strategic Plan (2007-2032); The Executive Programme for Agriculture Revival (2008-2011); The Three -Year Crash Programme (2011-2013); The Three- Year Economic Programme(2012-2014); The Five -Year Programme for Economic Reform(2015-2019); Reports and guidelines of CAADP.
The technical reports of the ten sub-sectoral groups after review and endorsement by the CTC. The recently endorsed Comprehensive National Food And Nutrition Security Policies prepared in June 2014
Stakeholders and Partners
The consultation process started after signing the CAADP Compact in 2013. Various stakeholders were included: line ministries and institutions, farmers and pastoralists unions, business federation, agriculture and livestock business chambers; among others. Numerous consultations and workshops were held to raise awareness of the SUDNAIP process and to solicit feedback on the needs and aspirations of the participant groups that have been incorporated in the SUDNAIP process.
The consultation process continued from 13 to 18 June, 2015 in the form of regional and national consultation workshops organised to ensure the participation of State-level stakeholders in the identification and approval of the investment priorities. These workshops covered all farming systems and regions of the country, namely; the Eastern Region covering Kassala, Gedarif and Red Sea States; the Central Region covering the States of Blue Nile, Gezira, Sennar, and White Nile; Greater Kordofan including North, South and West Kordofan States; Greater Darfur comprising North, South, East, West and Central Darfur States, and the Northern Region with its two States of Northern and River Nile. Furthermore, a national workshop was organized in Khartoum State for the same purpose. The consultation workshops attracted various participant groups. In particular at the Khartoum workshop, a wide range of stakeholders took part from various disciplines, institutions, civil society, academia, specialized councils and NGOs.