United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Draft  Resolution (3-3)
Category: features

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Draft Resolution (3-3)

United Nations /2017/5s;
Security Council Provisional
28 June 20t7

30. Expresses deep concern over the proliferation of arms, in particular small arms and light weapons and the use of such arms against civilians, including by militia, requests UNAMID to continue to cooperate in this context with the Panel of Experts established by resolution 1591 (2005) in order to facilitate their work, and encourages UNAM1D to continue to provide technical and logistical assistance to the Sudan DDR Commission and urges the Government of Sudan to conduct a genuine and comprehensive disarmament process, in full cooperation with UNAMID; Humanitarian situation and displacement.
31. Condemns all violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights, including those involving any form of sexual and gender-based violence, in particular the deliberate targeting of civilians, indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks; and demands that all parties in Darfur immediately end attacks targeting civilians, peacekeepers and humanitarian personnel, and comply with their obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law as applicable and that the Government of Sudan hold perpetrators accountable;
32. Expresses serious concern at the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur, and at the threats to and attacks on humanitarian personnel and facilities; acknowledges improvements in humanitarian access resulting by the Directives issued by the Humanitarian Aid Commission in December 2016 but expresses concern that these are not being implemented in full; welcomes that humanitarian organisations have been able to expand support to new populations, and expresses concern that access to some conflict areas where vulnerable populations reside remains restricted, that some conflict areas are inaccessible, and at ongoing restrictions on humanitarian access in some parts of Darfur due to insecurity, acts of criminality, movement restrictions by Government forces, militia groups, and armed movements, attacks against humanitarian workers, denial of access by the parties to the conflict and bureaucratic impediments imposed by the Government of Sudan;
33. Expresses concern over the insufficient availability of funding for humanitarian actors; stresses the need for the timely issuing of visas and travel permits for humanitarian organisations, the rapid processing of technical agreements and reduced restrictions on recruitment and employment of personnel and the selection of partners; and demands that the Government of Sudan, all militia groups, including auxiliary units of the Government of Sudan forces, armed movements and all other stakeholders ensure the safe, timely and unhindered access of humanitarian organisations and relief personnel, and the delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need throughout Darfur, in accordance with the relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, including humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence;
34. Condemns increased human rights violations and abuses in, and relating to, Darfur, including those involving extrajudicial killings, the excessive use of force, abduction of civilians, acts of sexual and gender-based violence, violations and abuses against children, and arbitrary arrests and detentions; calls on the12115 S/2017/553 Government of Sudan to investigate allegations of such violations and abuses and bring those responsible to justice; expresses Deep concern about the situation of all those so detained, including civil society members, IDPs and a UNAMID human rights monitor; emphasises the importance of ensuring, within its current mandate, UNAMID's and other relevant organizations’ ability to monitor such cases and in this regard urges the Government of Sudan to extend full cooperation to UNAMID towards fulfillment of this goal and to provide accountability and access to justice for victims; calls on the Government of Sudan fully to respect its obligations, including by fulfilling its commitment to lift the state of emergency in Darfur, releasing all political prisoners, ensuring free expression and ensuring UNAMID monitors' access and freedom of movements including by refraining from arresting and detaining UNAMID staff;
35. Notes the Government of Sudan's stated desire to see the displaced return to their areas of origin or resettle in their" current areas of displacement; stresses that any returns should be safe, voluntary and in accordance with applicable international law, and further stresses the importance of achieving dignified and durable solutions for refugees and IDPs, and of ensuring their full participation in the planning and management of these solutions;
36. Demands that all parties to the conflict in Darfur create the conditions conducive to allowing the voluntary, informed, safe, dignified and sustainable return of refugees and IDPs, or, where appropriate, their local integration or relocation to a third location and within the context of its protection of civilians mandate, welcomes UNAMID's plan for renewed effort to enhance the protection of IDPs: stresses' the need for the establishment of a mechanism in order to verify the extent to which these returns are voluntary and informed in nature, and underlines the importance of addressing land issues for the realisation of durable solutions in Darfur;

Operational Challenges

37. Strong@ condemns all attacks on UNAMID; z4nderlines that any attack or threat of attack on UNAMID is unacceptable; demands that there be no recurrence of such attacks and that those responsible be held to account following prompt and thorough investigation; pays tribute to the UNAM1D personnel who have paid the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty for the cause of peace in Darfur; urges UNAMID to take all necessary measures within its rules of engagement to protect United Nations personnel and equipment; condemns the ongoing impunity for those who attack peacekeepers, and in this regard urges the Government of Sudan to do its utmost to bring all perpetrators of any such crimes to justice and to cooperate with UNAM1D to this end:
38. Acknowledges recent improvements in the issuance of visas and the clearance of UNAMID shipments, freedom of movement and the processing of travel documents, reiterates its concern that hindrances remain to UNAMID in the implementation of its mandate, including that some elements of UNAMID, particularly the human rights section, continue to suffer from targeted visa restrictions, ongoing delays in the processing of UNAMID containers, movement and access restrictions, caused by insecurity, acts of criminality and significant movement restrictions by the Government of Sudan, militia groups and armed movements, including restrictions from the Government of Sudan on the conduct of night patrols all over Darfur and other restrictions preventing UNAMID from reaching areas where there are instances of inter-communal conflict in a timely fashion; calls on all parties in Darfur to remove all obstacles to UNAMID's full and proper discharge of its mandate, including by ensuring its security and freedom of movement; and in this regard, demands that the Government of Sudan 13115 S/2017/553 communicating and collaborating closely with its various agencies and all levels of local government bodies, recommit to and comply with tile Status of Forces Agreement fully and without delay, particularly provisions relevant to the movement of patrols in conflict-affected areas and flight clearances, as well as those provisions relevant to the removal of obstacles to the use of UNAMID aerial assets, the timely processing of UNAMID's equipment and rations at the port of entry to Sudan, and the timely issuing of visas;

Exit strategy

39. Underscores the importance of regular review by the Security Council of each United Nations peacekeeping mission's  progress in implementing its mandate, takes note of the Secretary-General's efforts to make recommendations on the future of UNAMID, including its exit strategy, as requested by the Security Council in paragraph 7 of resolution 2173 (2014); concurs that UNAMID's long-term planning should be based upon progress towards the Mission's benchmarks as set out in the Secretary-General's report of 16 October 2012 (S/2012/771) and subsequently refined in his reports of 25 February 2014 (S/2014/138) and 15 April 2014 (S/2014/279) (Annex), underlines that the reconfiguration of UNAMID decided in this resolution aims to make progress towards the fulflhnent of these benchmarks; and takes note that the Secretary-General, in his report of 26 May 2015 (S/2015/378), emphasises that a political settlement in Darfur and direct talks between Government and tile non-signatory armed movements, starting with a cessation of hostilities in Darfur, is essential to re-establishing peace in Darfur and is primary to the achievement of these benchmarks;
40. Takes note q/" consultations between the United Nations, the African Union and the Government of Sudan, notably in the frameworks of the Tripartite mechanism and the Joint Working Group over the past year, including discussion of operational and logistical issues pertaining to the Mission"s operation as well as the development of an exit strategy in accordance with the Mission's benchmarks;


41. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every 60 days following adoption of this resolution on UNAMID, including:
(i) information on the political, humanitarian and security situation in Darfur, including detailed reporting oil incidents of violence and attacks against civilians, including sexual and gender-based violence, by whomsoever perpetrated;
(ii) information on violations of the Status of Forces Agreement, including those involving attacks or threats of attack on UNAMID, violations of international humanitarian law perpetrated by any party to the conflict, as well as access restrictions and significant operational obstacles such as those related to customs clearances and visas;
(iii) developments and progress towards achievement of UNAMID's strategic priorities and benchmarks;
(iv) progress in the implementation of the recommendations made in the Special Report, including the progress of reductions to UNAMIDs military and police component and its impact, including on protection needs and violations and abuses of human rights;
(v) developments and progress on strategically addressing the underlying
drivers of inter-communal conflict and the action plan on the prevention and resolution of inter-communal conflict; 14115 S/2017/553
(vi) developments and progress "in addressing the challenges facing UNAMID;
(vii) enhanced, detailed and full information on abuses and violations of human rights, including those committed against women and children and violations of international humanitarian law;
(viii) developments regarding UNAMI?D's support %r local conflict resolution mechanisms, including progress regarding the full and effective participation of women: and
(ix) on the implementation of this resolution:
42. Requests the Secretary General to provide an assessment of the status of implementation of the DDPD in the next 60 day report on UNAMID;
43. Decides to remain seized of the matter. 15/15