The salvation regime since it assumed rule of Sudan on June 30, 1989 did not pay attention to the important role of foreign policies
and as such did not do enough to strengthen the Ministry of Foreign affairs. The strength of the ministry rests on three pillars: (a) sustained and respected policies and long serving ministers (b) Non-alignment commitment (c) hegemony of the ministry of all external activities and its protection from the political infiltration of non-diplomatic career persons. Appointment of ambassadors outside the diplomats list of the ministry seriously reduces the quality, competence and performance of the ministry.
There should be a set of policies, measures, modalities and priorities prepared and endorsed by a legislative body which if done and becomes mandatory, the external affairs duties will be institutionalized and will not be influenced by the personal traits, taste and behavior of the ministers. In the first world and stable regimes anywhere the minister of foreign affairs work for quite long times and they became equally famous and important as the Presidents, e.g. in America Henry Kissinger, Clelm Paul, Madlin Olbreit, Condoleezza Rice and John Kerry. Russia: Lavrov, Sykes (UK), Picot (France) – the two foreign ministers of UK and France designed the famous agreement of the Middle East on May 16, 1916 which redrew the Middle East map after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and paved the way to fulfill the greatest source of conflict (the 1917 Balfour Declaration) who was also Foreign secretary of Britain. His declaration was the main cause of the creation of Israel inside the homeland of Palestinians.
A. In Arab World, Saud Al-Faisal served as foreign minister (1975 – 2015) 40 years with 4 kings who ruled KSA. Iraq 0 Tariq Aziz was as famous as Saddam, Egypt – Mohamed Fawzi. Even in Sudan two prominent foreign ministers were known to all Sudanese – Mubarak Zarouq and Mohammed Ahemd Al-Mahgoub. Ironically enough during the incumbency of Saood Al-Faisal as foreign minister in Saudi Arabia (40 years) 9 ministers were appointed in Sudan since 1989 to date. Prof, Alu Salih, Ali Osman, Ghazia Salah Addeen, Mustafa Osman, Lam Akol, Deng Alor, Ali Karti and Prof. Ghandour. This unprecedented number of ministers in one important ministry weakened the role of the ministry especially in the full absence of agreed upon sustained policies of the regime.
B. The only reason for the embarrassing exposure of Sudan in always dual conflicting situations as the lack of sacred, protected, respected external policy. The safest policy is the non-alignment policy of the early sixties. India as an example is fully adopting it and its economy is growing and its governance is institutionalized and stable. As example of his embarrassing exposure: The salvation started in alliance with Iran against the wishes of the Arabs especially Gulf countries and was inimical to Saudi Arabia. Now relations with Iran is severed and Sudan jointed Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain in a new axis against Qatar. Sudan still has relations with Qatar. Very soon time will come when neutrality position will be impossible. Similar ambivalent situation is happening in our dual relations with Egypt and Ethiopia. Ethiopia, Eritrea, Chad and S. Sudan. Also sending Sudanese troops to Yemen makes standing in neutral position between Saudi and Qatar extremely difficult. So, one of the corner stones of the non-alignment policy is a clear statement in constitution that Sudan Armed Forces should not engage in any military activity outside the boundaries of Sudan.
C. The ministry of foreign affairs should be fully able to take the full burden of all external diplomats’ transactions. All diplomatic staff should be bearers of high educational degrees, fluent in languages, trained and upgraded in the ministry. This should necessarily mean closing the doors of diplomatic position on ex-ministers, politicians, army generals who are retired or failed to perform their duties i.e. ministry of exterior should not be a haven of appeasement. Also the presidency should rely completely on the ministry to stop any detrimental assignment to persons or creating parallel bodies to the ministry e.g. separating China affairs and assigning Dr. Awad Al-Jaz as supervisor of this external and important activity.
All this should be well prepared in a respected doctrine showing clearly the comprehensive external policy of Sudan, showing procedures of recruitment and protection and immunity of the ministry against infiltration of non-diplomatic cadres. It should ascertain the role of the armed forces inside Sudan only. All this should be widely spread to all nations, UN, and Au. This will absolve Sudan of any embarrassment of taking irrelative or emotional decisions.