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Sunday, 22 October 2017

Will Sudan Succeed in Reducing Mercenary Phenomenon Facing the African Continent?

The workshop "The Phenomenon of Mercenary,  Foreign Terrorists Fighters and Negative NGOs and its Implications on Security and Stability in Africa" ??will be held in Khartoum from 2 to 6 of this month, organized by Committee of Intelligence & Security Service of Africa (CISSA), in cooperation with the Sudanese National Security and Intelligence Service (NISS) , with the participation of 27 security and intelligence services from Africa and 15 regional security and intelligence organizations, in line with the resolution of CISSA conference held in Kigali, Rwanda, as well as the commitment of the NISS as a head of Eastern Africa Region.
A member of the supreme committee organizing the workshop, Maj. Gen. (Security) Tariq Shukri said, in a press conference, that the workshop comes with the participation of 27 security services, noting that the CISSA includes 54 African security and intelligence services. He pointed out that Sudan is an active member of the said system, and affects, as other African countries, with these negative phenomena, revealing that invitations to attend this workshop were presented to African Union Commission and the African Security, Peace and Social Affairs Commission.
He pointed out that the Sudan will participate in this workshop with a paper on the phenomenon of mercenary, in addition to its contribution in all papers to be discussed, reviewing the negative effects of mercenary phenomena, foreign fighters and non-governmental organizations on African security and the resolutions issued by the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and United Nations organizations on the phenomenon of mercenary.

Mercenary Problems

For his part, member of the committee, Brig. Gen. Hamed Farah said that the workshop could contribute to enhancing efforts in the field of cooperation among member countries in dealing with the problems of mercenaries, foreign and terrorist fighters, and negative non-governmental organizations, expecting the workshop to reach recommendations contribute in the integration of data base and to develop strategy to enhance and improve border patrols and border control among member countries.
He said that CISSA conference this year comes to complete the same efforts under the threat of mercenaries on the African continent, governments and peoples

Security Threat

Observers believe that the phenomenon of mercenary is considered an internationally prohibited phenomenon as mercenary elements are considered a security threat to citizens, as well as their role in spreading chaos and wars, stressing that the Sudan and the international community have made an effort to combat the phenomenon by issuing a series of resolutions condemning the activity of mercenaries.

Negative Phenomena

Since the phenomenon of mercenary and foreign fighters is at the forefront of the issues that threaten the African continent during the current period, CISSA meetings come this year in Khartoum from April 2 to 6 to discuss the said phenomenon and their implications on security and stability in Africa.
Observers stressed that the mercenary issues threaten regional and international security, especially after the activity of mercenary groups in countries experiencing security tensions, which affects other countries.
This is not the first time that Khartoum has hosted CISSA meetings, but the importance of the workshop comes this year in the presence of experts and specialists to talk about these phenomena, especially the phenomenon of mercenary, where Sudan suffers from it directly, through the presence of armed movements in Libya and South Sudan.
It has been proved that fighting of the movements of Darfur and SPLM-N with the SPLA forces in return for support has contributed in increasing the crisis in southern Sudan, while Darfur movements operations in Libya are not far away, where they have been fighting with the forces of General Khalifa Haftar in clear violation of international law. The rebel movements have not only succeeded in capturing the price of mercenary, but have also had a negative impact on the citizens of South Sudan and Libya by looting their properties and threatening their security and safety.

Impact of Mercenary Movements

Although the mercenary phenomenon began in the 1960s, but the security situation and recent developments on the African continent have made the impact of mercenary movements greater than before, since mercenary movements have no loyalty to any particular party, but operate according to those who pay more.
The African continent has made many efforts in combating the phenomenon of mercenary, denouncing it through the African summits and agreeing to fight it with the means of preserving the continent's security and stability, especially as the groups that carry out mercenaries are groups of outlaws of the international law.
The importance of combating the phenomenon of mercenary was not related to recent developments, where it was preceded by the signing of the heads of state of the member states of the Organization of African Unity on  a convention on the elimination of mercenary in Africa in 1977, and the ratification by the General Assembly of the United Nations, at its 62nd session, of the Resolution 62/145, concerning the use of mercenaries as a tool to violate human rights and to impede the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination in the fight against the phenomenon of mercenary.

Reduce of the Phenomenon

Despite the attempts of the African continent to curb the phenomenon of mercenary, but some countries, regimes and governments find mercenaries as a viable means to achieve their interests, which made to mercenaries a major role in wars and armed conflicts currently taking place in some countries of the continent and the expansion of war in the continent.