Sudan Press Freedom Organization (SPF) has participated in the celebration of 30th African human rights anniversary; it coincided with the 61 session which took place last
week in Banjul, the capital of Gambia. A high-level delegation included the chairman of SPF, according to SPF that Sudan has presented statement before the participants which focused on the human development in Sudan and the political progress that resulted in peace and stability in Sudan.
The activities of the 61st session of the African Commission on Human and peoples’ rights concentrated on the human rights records in the continent. Sudan Statement outlined the efforts and the endeavors carried out by the government. The national dialogue has figured more than 198 recommendations to enhance human rights’ situation in Sudan.
Sudan statement also indicated to the constitutional amendments to support rights and to announce reformation of the country which was applied in 2014. Sudan has ratified and approved number of international agreements that concerns human rights to show Sudan’s cooperation in this regard.
Sudan human rights record has witnessed development, the 36th human rights’ council session convened in the last September appreciated the efforts exerted by Sudan. The statement appealed to support, despite the hails and praise by the international community and UN organizations working in the field of human rights, there is no support nor technical neither financial.
The human rights council has recommended removing the procedures that keeps Sudan under the special monitor. Sudan statement welcomed the UN reports which say Sudan has achieved the goal of children protection in conflicted areas. the delegation of Sudan highlighted on the security development and stability in Blue Nile, South Kordofan alongside the weapons collections in Darfur states, the matter that led to coordination and cooperation between Sudan government and UN to implement the UNAMID exit strategy due to the security improvement in the region, 70% of locations has been handed to the governments of states.
Sudan hosts thousands of refugees from South Sudan and other neighboring countries, Sudan shouldered its responsibility, while the international community doesn’t provide assistance, the government overcomes the challenges of the refugee’s influxes alone.
Sudan conveyed the cooperation with EU and UN to combat human trafficking. Meanwhile The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) is a quasi-judicial body tasked with promoting and protecting human rights and collective (peoples') rights throughout the African continent as well as interpreting the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights and considering individual complaints of violations of the Charter.
The Commission came into existence with the coming into force, on 21 October 1986, of the African Charter (adopted by the OAU on 27 June 1981). Although its authority rests on its own treaty, the African Charter, the Commission reports to the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (formerly the Organization of African Unity). Its first members were elected by the OAU's 23rd Assembly of Heads of State and Government in June 1987 and the Commission was formally installed for the first time on 2 November of that year. For the first two years of its existence, the Commission was based at the OAU Secretariat in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, but in November 1989 it relocated to Banjul, Gambia. (NB: The ACHPR should be distinguished from the African Union Commission, as the OAU Secretariat has been renamed since the creation of the African Union.)
The Commission meets twice a year: usually in March or April and in October or November. One of these meetings is usually in Banjul, where the Commission's secretariat is located; the other may be in any African state.
The ACHPR is made up of eleven members, elected by secret ballot at the OAU Assembly of Heads of State and Government (subsequently, by the AU's Assembly). These members, who serve six-year renewable terms, are "chosen from amongst African personalities of the highest reputation, known for their high morality, integrity, impartiality and competence in matters of human and peoples' rights" (Charter, Article 31) and, in selecting these personalities, particular consideration is given "to persons having legal experience".
The members are to enjoy full independence in discharging their duties and serve on a personal basis (i.e., not representing their home states); however, no member state may have more than one of its nationals on the Commission at any given time. The members choose, from among their own number, a chairperson and a Vice Chairperson, who each serve two-year renewable terms.