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Saturday, 25 November 2017

Sudan: The Origin of Civilization: Journey to the Land of the Kings of the Nile (1-2)

Khartoum (Inssaf Abdallah) - As part of the initiative of “Sudan: The Origin of Civilization”

, more than a hundred media persons, scholars, researchers and artists participated recently in a tour of the Northern State, the land of the ancient Sudanese civilization.
The tour to the Northern State, the jewel of the Nile, started from the gate of the state at Al Multagha area, beginning the epic of history.
Participants in the historic visit were received at Al Multagha area by Minister of Tourism, Industry and Investment of the Northern State Gafaar Abdel-Mageed and Commissioner of Merowe Locality Ahmed Abu-Zaid.
The historic tour by the huge delegation to the Northern State covered the areas of Al Karo and Al Barkal, Sudanese-Qatari Doha Building, Fruits and Vegetables Canning Factory at Karima town, Nouri Pyramids and Merowe land.
The participants then moved to old Dongola and visited a number of sites including Amttar Agricultural Project. Then they visited Al Golid Locality and Al Khandagh area, where they were warmly received by its commissioner and people.
The visitors moved from there to the capital of the state, Dongola. The tour was concluded by visiting Al Bourghaig Locality, where the media persons were impressed by its natural scenery.
At Al-Dofoufa, the media persons delegation saw the origin of the civilization which is incarnated in the area and its people at Marwarti Island. Here, the visiting media persons used magnificent traditional boats with their high masts to reach the spectacular island, where they received warm welcome by all the people of the beautiful island. Here, renowned artist Nansi Ajaj, presented one of her best songs, Baladan Heilna (Oh Our Homeland). Artistic troupes and singers from the area also presented shows.
And to see the sites of the origin of civilization by their own eyes, the participants in the tour visited the archeological sites of the Kushite Kings, making their first stop at Nouri area.
Al Karo Archeological Site:
The media persons visited first Al Karo antiquities site, which is considered one of the most important royal cemeteries that were used by the Kushite royal dynasties. It contains 55 pyramids dating back to the era of the kings of the 25th royal dynasty (795-535 B.C.)
Al Karo cemetery is characterized by a shift from local burial customs using a simple grave to advanced ones where pyramids and tombs were constructed.
It is considered one of the most important archeological cemeteries that need more excavation works and studies. Archaeologists have not yet been able to fully identify the persons buried in it. Most experts believe that they were part of ancient kingdoms that preceded the Kushite Empire.
One of the noticeable characteristics of Al Karo cemetery is presence of graves for the royal horses, which are located at its northwestern part.
Although the graves of the royal horses had been subjected to looting, but what remain from them was enough to show that the horses used to be buried in their full ornaments.
King Alara (795-752 B.C.), the real founder of Napata Kingdom, is considered one of the most famous persons who were buried in the area. His name was found accompanied by the title Aor (the leader). His grave was found among 12 ones for royals of Merowe Kingdom. Also, there are graves for his wife (Kasafa) and daughter (Taberi), the wife of King Piankhi.
King Kashta, the second founder of Napata Kingdom, who is believed to be the son of King Alara, ruled during the period 760-747 B.C. He was father of King Piankhi. His daughters included the mother of King Tahraga.