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Monday, 27 March 2017

Surat Al-Imran 3- Medinian-Ayats 200 – Section Five - Ayats From 72-92

COMMENTARY: VERSES 72 TO 92 - (Verse 72) Wajh= here has the sense of ‘beginning-early part’. The cynics who plotted against Islam

actually asked their accomplices to join the Believers and then repudiate them.  (Verse 73-74) The people of the Book were doubly annoyed at the Muslims: (1) that they should [being outside their ranks] receive God’s Revelations; and (2) that having received such revelations, they should be able to convict them out of their own scriptures before their Lord.                                                                                                                                                                                    (Verse 75) Hoard of Gold= Qintar: a talent of 1,200 ounces of gold. Silver coin=Dinar, in the later Roman Empire, the denarius was small silver coin, about the size of four-Anna piece. It must have been current in Syria and the markets of Arabia in the time of our Apostle. It was the coin whose name is translated in the English Bible by the word Penny [Matt. xxii 19] hence the abbreviation of penny is d=denarius. The later Arabian coin Dinar coined by the Umaiyads, was a gold coin after the pattern of the Byzantine (Roman) denarius aurous weighted about 66.349 grains troy, just a little more than half-sovereign.                                    Every race imbued with race arrogance resorts to this kind of moral or religious subterfuge. Even if its members are usually honest or just among themselves, they are contemptuous of those outside their circle, and cheat and deceive them without any qualms of conscience. This is “a lie against God”.
(Verse 76) All our duties to our fellow creatures are referred to the service and faith we owe to God. But in the matter of truth an appeal is made to our own self-respect as responsible beings, is it becoming that we should be false to our own word, to ourselves? And then we are reminded that the utmost we can gain by falsifying God’s word or being untrue to ourselves is but a miserable price. We get at best something very paltry as the price for selling our very souls.
(Verse 77-78) Even on sinners –ordinary sinners- God will look with compassion and mercy; He will speak words of kindness and cleanse them of their sins. But those who are in active rebellion against God and sin against their own light, - what mercy can they expect?
(Verse 79) It is not in reason or in the nature of things that God’s message should preach against God. Jesus came to preach the true God.
(Verse 80) Jesus was a prophet, and the Holy Spirit “with which he was strengthened” was the Angel who brought the revelation to him.
(Verses 81-82) S. Al-Bagara 2 –V. 63. The argument is: You [People of the Book] are bound by your own oaths, sworn solemnly in the presence of your own Prophets. In the Old Testament as it now exists. Muhammad (PPBUH) is foretold in Deut. xviii, 18, and the rise of the Arab Nation in Isaiah, xiii, 11, for Kadar was a son of Ismail and the name is used for the Arab nation in the New Testament as it is now exists, Muhammad (PPBUH) is foretold in the Gospel of St. John, xiv. 16, xv, 26, and xvi 7; the future Comforter cannot be the Holy Spirit as understood by Christians, because the Holy Spirit already was present helping and guiding Jesus. The Greek word translated “Comforter” is “Paracletos”, which is an easy corruption from “Periclytos”, which is almost a literal translation of “Muhammad” or “Ahmed”: [see Q. Ixi, 6. further, there were other Gospels that have perished, but of which traces still remain, which were even more specific in their reference in Muhammad; e.g. the Gospel of St. Barnabas, of which an Italian translation is extant in the State Library of Vienna. It was edited in 1907 with an English translation by Mr. Lansdale and Laura Ragg.
(Verse 83-84) God’s Truth is manifest and all that is good and true and sane and normal accepts it with joy. But even where there is “disease in the heart” [Q. ii, 10] or judgment is obscured by perversity, every creature must eventually see and acknowledge God and His Power (Al-Bagara-2 v 167)- ‘For God’s love is inescapable as nature’s environment, which if a man ignore or think to thrust it off, he is the ill-natured fool that running blindly on death”. All Nature adores God, and Islam asks for nothing peculiar or sectarian; it but asks that we follow our nature and make our will conformable to God’s Will as seen in Nature, history, and revelation. Its Message is Universal.
(Verses 85-91) The Muslim position is clear. The Muslim does not claim to have a religion peculiar to him; Islam is not a sect or an ethnic religion. In its view all Religion is one, for the Truth is one? It was the religion preached by all the earlier Prophets. It was the truth taught by all the inspired Books. In essence it amounts to a consciousness of the Will and Plan of God and a joyful submission to that Will and Plan. If anyone wants a religion other than that, he is false to his own nature, as he is false to God’s Will and Plan. Such a one cannot expect guidance, for he has deliberately renounced guidance. [See S. Al-Bagara 2- verses 161-62]