GENESIS OF INDEPENDENCE OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN
Pakistan came in to being when first non Muslim on the Subcontinent embraced Islam, as the founding father of Pakistan, Quaid -e- Azam said. This was around 712 AD when a Muslim Arab Muhammad Bin Qasim conquered port city of Debal, areas near to present metropolitan port city of Karachi in Pakistan. A Hindu individual conversion to Islam did not matter much as physical phenomenon, what mattered in fact, was the advent of new ideology. This was an ideology which ushered in a new behaviour, a new code of ethics, a new culture, a new world view. This new ideology brought in to being a new society, not fettered by geographic and racial chains, brotherhood which humanity had known before. It was spiritual revolution.
The great historian Gibbon describes “the rise and expansion of Islam as one of the most remarkable revolutions which has impressed a new and lasting character on the nation of the globe”.
The first Muslim on the Indian soil was a great event, the principal consequence of which was the birth of “Two Nation Theory”. Majority Hindus and their leadership kept on refusing to accept the idea of a nation based on religion and not based on colour, creed, region and language etc. According to even western political theories it is generally a state which gives birth to a nation i.e. a state gives birth to a nation. In Islam it is the religion that builds the state. The Muslims of the Sub continent was nation different to Hindus on all accounts, they therefore demanded for a separated home land. Thus “Two Nation Theory” in essence is the rock foundation over which later Pakistan emerged as a sovereign Muslim state. Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire in 1947 after a struggle for independence, on 14 August 1947 (27 Ramadan 1366 in the Islamic Calendar). The name Pakistan means “Land of Pure” or” the Sacred Land” in Urdu and Persian languages, purely due to its Muslim Identity. With over 170 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia. Pakistan is a Democratic Parliamentary Federal Republic with Islam as the state religion in light of first Constitution of Pakistan adopted in 1956. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. Pakistan has the eighth largest standing armed force and is the only Muslim-majority nation to possess nuclear weapons. It is a founding member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation). The Country celebrates its “Independence Day” on 14 August every year.
By Sudan Vision, 12/08/2012