Good Day :South Sudan: Ebola Fever is Knocking the Door!
A confirmed Ebola outbreak reportedly killed 13 people in Uganda during one month (July 2012), with at least 20 cases reported by the Ugandan Ministry of health. This sudden wave has started in Kibale, Western Uganda. Kibale district has a total population less the one million and is located at around 200 kilometers west Kampala, and around 50 kilometers from the border with Democratic Republic of Congo. The name Ebola comes initially from "Ebola River" in Congo where it was first found but according to Stanford University there is another story; the first cases of Ebola Fever were traced to a 1976 outbreak in Northern Congo and Southern Sudan. Since then the disease has had irregular outbreaks and up to two decades of hibernation. It is suspected, but not definitively recognized, that the disease may be carried through bats, insects, monkeys and other forest small animals but it is confirmed that it spreads from one person to another very rapidly. South Sudanese official said: there is an urgent need to take precaution as South Sudan especially with the massive influx of Ugandans coming into the country. The area from South Sudan up to Burundi is very famous of several waves of Ebola that moved from country to another in no time. There have been several Ebola outbreaks recorded in Uganda since a recorded outbreak in 2000, leaving many people killed and much more traumatized but at that time the borders between South Sudan and Uganda was not flexible just like now.
Ebola Symptoms start just like that: Sudden onset of fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain then the central nervous system is affected as judged by the development of severe headaches, agitation, confusion, fatigue, depression, seizures, and sometimes coma. The circulatory system is also frequently involved, with the most prominent signs being edema and conjunctivitis. Unfortunately, according to the World Health organization (WHO), there is no treatment and no vaccine against Ebola, which is transmitted by close personal contact and, depending on the strain, kills up to 90 percent of those who contract the virus.
According to Medical internet reference: (All epidemics of Ebola have occurred in sub-optimal hospital conditions, where practices of basic hygiene and sanitation are often either luxuries or unknown to caretakers and where disposable needles and autoclaves are unavailable or too expensive. In modern hospitals with disposable needles and knowledge of basic hygiene and barrier nursing techniques, Ebola has never spread on a large scale. In isolated settings such as a quarantined hospital or a remote village, most victims are infected shortly after the first case of infection is present).
The question must be raised here: is South Sudanese medical sector is well-equipped and well-organized so that the country will be protected? What are the achievements of South Sudanese Government in medical sector during the interim period (Five years) and the first year after independence?
By Mekki Elmograbi, Email: email@example.com, 31/07/2012