Report : On The Humanitarian Situation South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, July 2012
1. Executive Summary :
2. This report reflects the progress of the humanitarian situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states and the humanitarian interventions carried out by the government, national and international partners and local communities which have contributed in stabilizing the humanitarian situation in areas controlled by the government and beyond rebel groups..
3. This report provides an overview of the humanitarian situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile Statesand it gives general information about the humanitarian situation and the subsequent effects due to the events in the two states on 6/ 6 and 1/ 9 / 2011 respectively. The report also reviews in brief the humanitarian interventions by the government , national NGOs and the international partners and the outcome of the these interventions. It is to be noted that the number of the affected populations in the two states is far less than those affected in Darfur crisis, this has facilitated the intervention and enabled the government, the National NGOs and the international partners to contain the humanitarian situation in appropriate manner . Due to this fact, the aforementioned parties( government , NNGOs & international partners ) succeeded in providing the humanitarian work facilities and the necessary requirements within the framework of the government policy and National NGOs which reflects the ( UN General Assembly resolution no 45 / 183 ) .
4. The federal government has provided ($ 9 million) to South Kordofan , ($5 million) to Blue Nile state , in addition to mobilization of the local communities ( official and popular ) to host the affected people within the said states and the neighboring states . The result of the official , national and popular efforts can be seen and witnessed on the normalization of the situation and resolution of 90% of the displacement problem in Blue Nile and 80% in South Kordofan . Moreover, the coverage of the requirements of the returnees from the rebel groups areas and the Sudanese refugees from the neighboring countries is another material proof of the positive result of the official and popular efforts.
5. Due to the above mentioned events, a national mechanism under the chairmanship of HAC federal Commissioner General ( on the federal and states levels) has been formed to resolve the situation in the two states in collaboration and coordination with the government partners, national and international NGOs as well as the UN agencies , the national mechanism has provided all the necessary assistances to the affected population in the two states.
6. The provision of the necessary humanitarian assistances in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states has been implemented in partnership and cooperation between HAC, Sudanese Red Crescent Society, national & International NGOs and UN agencies .
7. Due to the development of the security and military situation the UN agencies and International NGOs interventions have been focused on the secure areas and their services have been provided through the national NGOs. The recent improvement in the security situation in South Kordofan state has resulted in enabling the international staffs from the UN agencies to return to the states as required.
8. In partnership with the UN agencies and national organizations, line ministries, the Humanitarian Aid Commission conducted a Joint Rapid Assessment in South Kordofan state in Feb. The assessment covered 80% of the affected localities. It has concluded that the humanitarian situation gas been stable and good throughout the conflict period according to the humanitarian and health indicators.
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9. Based on the joint assessment results, a joint work plan for securing the needs of affected population in south Kordofan was developed to cover the needs up to the harvest. HAC and the WFP and UNHCR conducted a joint verification of the affected population needs led by joint teams. Following this FIs and NFIs have been provided.
10. The government and partners have secured the humanitarian needs in blue Nile state up to the end of the rainy season.
11. As part of the partners’ efforts, Arab Leagues, African Union and the United Nations have developed a tripartite initiative to complement the government efforts in the provision of the humanitarian assistance in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. The government studied the proposed initiative and a meeting was held with the three partners as a result of which the two parties agreed on the nine principles which will guide the initiative.
12. The Government of Sudan has welcomed and accepted the initiative based on these principles.
13. Developments and events in the fields of the humanitarian work
14. The government of the Sudan highly appreciates the contribution of the international community in supporting the efforts for improving the humanitarian situations and the provision of the assistances to the conflicts and natural disasters affected areas. Sudan government particularly values, and appreciates the role played by the UN agencies in humanitarian situations in South Kordofan in particular.
15. Within its distinguished relations with the all sectors and international parties concern with the humanitarian work the government provided all the necessary facilities for the delivery of the humanitarian assistances and provision of basic services to the affected people . The government is also keen to safeguard and preserve the safety of humanitarian workers especially the non- Sudanese.
16. The government of the Sudan appreciates the stances of the international agencies that understand the discretion of the government in limiting the movements of the humanitarian workers in the conflict affected areas due to the security reasons and for the safety of the workers themselves.
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17. The government encourages the partnership between the international organizations and the official parties and civil society organizations for rendering of services and humanitarian assistances to the affected population. It specially encourages the partnership between the INGOs, NNGOs and local community structures that have good experiences in addressing and dealing with the affected and vulnerable groups .
18. The government covers all the humanitarian needs in the conflicts and dispute areas , but attributed to the security complications it thought and deemed advisable that the assistances are to be provided through the national institutions. In the meantime the government has no objection to receive any assistance from the international community and its relevant parties provided that such assistances are distributed by the national institutions.
1. Affected Population and Assistances:
2. The Affected Population:
The government , the civil community organizations and other partners carried out the surveys necessary for provision of the required assistance which resulted on the stability of the humanitarian situation pursuant to the health and nutrition indicators .
Out of the 207,350 affected people in South Kordofan 107,410 of them have come from the rebel areas.
* According to the UNHCR about 160,000 people took refuge in South Sudan.
* 250,000 of the total people affected from Blue Nile state (Damazeen and Roseries) fled to the northern villages and to the Sinnar state at the beginning of the events where they were hosted and welcomed but they returned to their original places within ( 3-7 days) after the stability of the situation in their areas
* About 33,000 people fled to the Ethiopia state, but about 23,000 of them returned to their villages after the improvement of the security conditions.
* The time frame for the provision of the humanitarian assistances to the affected population varies from one place to another according to the security conditions, return and stability of the returnees in their original places.
* Itworth mentioning that local communities have played significant role in hosting , welcoming and providing assistances to the affected persons in the two states.
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Surveys and Need Assessments:
In partnership with the UN agencies and national organizations, line ministries, the Humanitarian Aid Commission conducted a Joint Rapid Assessment in South Kordofan state in Feb. The assessment covered 80% of the affected localities. It has concluded that the humanitarian situation is stable and good throughout the conflict period according to the following humanitarian and health indicators:
* The Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate among children below 5 is 4.4% while the normal rate is 15%.
* The Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rate has been 0.7% while the normal rate is 2%.
* 13.1% of the children are malnourished and need supplementary and therapeutic feeding
* No outbreak of any epidemic disease.
* No records of abnormal death.
* The food security situation indicates the availability of food.
* There has been low production in the last harvest and this requires intervention in the dry season.
* Based on the joint assessment results, a joint work plan for securing the needs of affected population in south Kordofan was developed by the government and the UN agencies ( WFP and UNHCR) and a joint verification of the affected population needs led by joint teams, accordingly FIs and NFIs have been provided to cover the period to the harvest.
* Several joint assessments have been conducted by the government and the partners, UN agencies and national NGOs. .
* All agencies participated in the administration of the humanitarian operations according to a join mechanism concerns with the study of the humanitarian situation and provision of the humanitarian assistances. These joint mechanisms hold its periodical meetings headed by HAC.
* UNICEF was permitted to provide the assistance to the children and women through the UNAMIS in ( Kauda and Julud areas) .
B) Humanitarian Assistances:
Based on the surveys mentioned in this report ,the government and in collaboration with the national and international partners have delivered the humanitarian assistances including food and non food items to the needy people .
By Sudanow Magazine, 29/07/2012