Horn of Africa Swarms with Conflicts, Opposition Parties Assume Power with the Help of the CIA
In a forum titled "African Neighboring countries" at the Knowledge Pillars Institute, Dr. Hassan Makki disclosed that the horn of Africa region is the territory previously governed by Somalis, it's an area that includes: Kenya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Sudan.
The area –according to Dr. Makki- swarms with conflict. Although the conflicts were principally between Muslims and Christians, but in some cases –such as in Somalia, Eritrea, and Sudan- the conflicts are fought between Muslim groups. Later, conflicts based on tribe and region surfaced as well. Dr. Makki wondered: "Should a Muslim assume power in Ethiopia, will that bring Ethiopians closer to Eritreans?"
Dr. Makki described the Horn of Africa region as a "made up" region, even Sudan. Historians did not mention the name "Sudan" in the beginnings; instead they mentioned the names of the kingdoms and states that thrived in the geographical territory now known as "Sudan", kingdoms and states such as Alfonj Sultanate and Almusbaat. The term "Sudan" was used by Arab historians though. The Arab historian Ahmed Ibn Idriss Alfasi, an Islamic scholar and journalist, mentioned "Sudan" in his correspondence in his capacity as a journalist in 1813. The term "Sudan" was not mentioned in political context until the 1870s after the execution of Alzubeir Basha by the Turkish colonization regime, an event two years after which the Turkish governor Ismail Basha issued a decree stating that Sudan as the areas of the Blue Sultanate, Darfur, and South Sudan all the way to the Ugandan borders, and attached Eizab and Muswaa, ports on the Red Sea, to Sudan as well. The Egyptian-Turkish elite had the most effect in shaping Sudan but there were other powers as well fighting over controlling Sudan such as the French and the Italians who both wanted to seize Kassala. The Italians –whose army was predominantly from the Bani Aamer Tribe- invoked the help of the English promising to leave once the English got there. The leader of the Italian army addressed the people saying that whoever wished to stay with the Italians was welcome to do so, and the ones who wanted to join Alsayid Ali were free to do that. Alsayid Ali –contrary to the public belief that he had come with the English- was only an ally of the English.
The Italians and the English green lighted the establishment of what was known as the Greater Ethiopia, and also formed Kenya and Uganda, two countries that were not known to be as such until 1917.
Shortly after that the independence movements came into light, and the idea of the coast state was first introduced.
Congo's last Muslim governor was called Thobobo who had ruled until 1865 when he got killed by the Belgians. They ransacked all of Congo's wealth and took it to Belgium, and that is why Congo's history does not date back long into the past. After that and instead of establishing the coast state, many smaller states were established instead.
The area is infested with conflicts. Many demographical changes took place along the line of development of air and sea travel and African countries underwent political shaping and Western liaisons that led to the effacement of the Pilgrimage route of "Timbuktu-Fasher".
The media blurred everyone's vision and blew things out of proportion. Opposition parties struck deals with the CIA and assumed power with the help of the American Military. The Horn of Africa is now hit with a wave of splitting, Somalia is going to split into five parts and Sudan will undergo the same process. Regarding Egypt, things are going to be a lot easier to decipher in a year.
Dr. Hassan Makki called on the people of the Horn of Africa to set education as their chief priority, not killing and waging conflict, explaining that education develops the competencies of gain and maturity; and that that there are generations without education now that are going to become bandits or gangs because they cannot take up any other vocation or profession.
Dr. Hassan Makki said that there are three key issues that are going to change the course of history in the Africa: Israel's Security, Red Sea Security, and Water Security. Israel's security is one of political, economic, and demographical dimensions that entail the involvement of Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Uganda. The second involves Egypt and Sudan, and he wondered why wouldn't the countries of the Red Sea basin form a regional organization that – if formed - will lead the way? And the third involves Ethiopia and Sudan especially with the establishment of the Millennium Dam that will generate the largest hydroelectric power supply in the world.
He spoke of the leadership conflict saying that it is the least effective of all kinds of conflict since whoever assumes power will be tied down by the earlier mentioned factors. He said in 2015 Ethiopia is going to be the strongest economically since it has the highest growth rate currently, and Sudan will become the world's food basket for many factors including its connections to Ethiopia and its dams. He expects the Gulf's economies to decline in twenty years and Yemen's economy to decline as of now.
Dr Makki wondered: "Will there be successful economies without the involvement of the World Bank and the European and American economies?
By Mohamed Babikir, 15/07/2012