Presence of SPLM in Abyei Provocative, Interview
Solving of Problems entail Change of Government of South Sudan
Political theater in the country is packed with a lot of events and important issues, where these events concerned the people of Sudan and the international community, top of those issues Heglig and the issue of Abyei, which is one of the more complex cases, where Khartoum and Juba were unable to agree around, while the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) established protocol particular to that region, where the South refused what included in the said agreement.
On the said issue Sudan Vision conducted the following interview with Abdul Rahman Al-Dagam, head of the Amgato Organization for Peace and Local communities Development, researcher interested in issues of oil and environmental impacts and development, in addition to his interest in issues of peace:
Q; What is the cause of conflicts in Abyei area after the stability in the previous period?
A: Abyei region did not experience stability since the CPA was concluded. The SPLA was able to penetrate to the border of 56 and engaged in clashes with Misseiriya, the presence of the said movement in Abyei area is flagrant assault against the shepherds on the purpose of looting their livestock, which led to fighting with Misseiriya and the South used that to internationalize the issue and portray it as a problem for the international community, and before the CPA the movement attacked Misseiriya more than 6 times, the most important reasons that made the area a conflict zone that it has been included within the disputed areas and used by the Government of the South as an issue to stir world opinion. The area was supposed to be part of the North, according to Addis Ababa Protocol, but the South is not committed to the signed agreements.
Q: How do you look to the announcement of the South on withdrawal of its army from Abyei area?
A: First, the SPLM has no presence originally in Abyei to withdraw from it, they are at a distance of 35 kilometers from the area, while Ethiopian troops and organizations working in the region and the region's population of Misseiriya and Dinka Ngok are found in the region, the SPLM wants to make use of the word withdrawal to mislead the international public opinion.
Q: What is your vision on the targeting of the area in general?
A: The targeting led by SPLM toward Sudan is among the war of resources in the region, as the presence of America in any state means presence of resources such as oil, gas and others, and we found evidence of this in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is well known that Chevron Company was drilling for oil in the south and stopped due to the war in 1983 and the Salvation Government was able to extract the oil by China and this is against the interest of America, the goal is to strike oil in Sudan in order to destabilize its economy, and there is the complexity of the issues that serve the Zionist lobby where the South intervened in the problems of Darfur and South Kordofan .
State of the South had nothing to lose, as it is a failed state economically and not have an infrastructure, and believes that the occupation of strategic areas strengthens its negotiating position, to look like a strong state in front of the international community, and trying to find parties loyal to it, so they can use them to achieve its goals and ambitions through international system to be able to rule South Kordofan.
Also there are a special purpose of Dinka Ngok tribe, which has senior leaders within SPLM, this tribe can not have any status without land, Abyei dependency on the South means a lot to them and achieve their dream to govern.
Secondly the global interest in this area because it is rich in oil, although that Abyei is part of Kordofan, but has been internationalized. It was supposed to be belonging to the North, in addition to that, the area targeted politically, as the SPLM trying to divide Sudan into small states according to the external plot.
Q: Your comment on the SPLM attacks and violations of the agreements?
A: SPLM is trying to waste time in order to use Chapter VII, which means foreign intervention and serving the movement. The goal is to overthrow the regime by strangling the economy, but they will fail in that, as the government has a strategy to negotiate and qualified cadres for the dialogue and the Islamic regime.
Q: How do you view the Security Council resolution 2046, and whether the mediator Mbeki efforts will succeed?
A: This resolution is not different from all other Council resolutions against Sudan, which is supposed to respond to the resolution, unfortunately, that the Security Council see only what is considered mistakes of the Sudan, complaints of Sudan against the South, which Sudanese soldiers and occupation of Heglig, did not find a response from the Security Council and did not impose sanctions on South.
Mbeki is supposed to play a big role, but I think he will face the same intransigence from South Sudan, I do not think that his role would be effective.
Q: What is your vision of the next events?
A: First: I expect that if the Sudanese army withdrew from the area of ??Abyei, the SPLM will penetrate within the borders of 56 and return to the same past practices of killing, kidnapping and looting.
Secondly, the financial crunch suffered by the South will work to expedite the formation of Abyei Administration.
Thirdly, I expect issuance of successive resolutions from the Security Council against Sudan in the absence of response.
Fourthly: Return of the old Abyei and traditional conflict between the Misseiriya and Dinka Ngok.
Q: What is the solution in your opinion?
A: The solution in my opinion is to change the government of the South by the southern rebels, and then comes who deal with the South as state that needs development and care of their interests and sit for dialogue in a positive and serious way.
By Khalda Elyas, 11/07/2012