Abyei between Solution and Complication
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) under which the South Sudan secession occurred and became a State on the 9th of July 2011, it has left behind a number of unresolved dossiers notably Abyei, border, and oil dossiers.
While the security issues were the entrance to resolve conflicts and disputes between Juba and Khartoum, the mediation necessitate the agreement on these dossiers, as long as the security, political relations between the two parties has deteriorated, since the attack on Heglig on the 10th of the previous April.
Abyei is one of the most important dossiers that both sides should speed up to solve its crisis because it has special protocol as per the CPA which signed on the 9th of January 2005, and subjected the region to a referendum to resolve the controversy over its affiliation to the south or the north. But there are administrative arrangements for the region between Juba and Khartoum regarding the management of citizen's affairs in the region until the conduct of referendum.
The professor of political science Alsaouri considers the causes of tensions in Abyei area are because most of the leading figures in the SPLM and the leaders of the Government of the South are from the sons of Abyei, as well as the land is one of the reasons, indicating that Abyei issue has been resolved by the international Arbitration Commission.
But the recent negotiations in Addis Ababa between the delegation of Sudan Government and the delegation of the South, on Abyei did not reach to agreement blame to the refusal of the south to the proposals and solutions.
What Juba wants?
There is strategic plan the south seek to achieve through these negotiations. The Director of Anqato Organization Abdelrahman Aldaqam Bakhtan, whose membership includes Dinka Ngok and Misseriya said that the South has refused the establishment of the Legislative Council for certain reasons, indicating that the South wants to possess the Executive, Legislative Administration. According to Bakhtan the Legislative Assembly of Abyei Administrative is consider as a strategic goal for the South from which they can declare the affiliation of Abyei to the South.
Distribution of Roles
He added that Dinka Ngok exercising the policy of distributing roles between the sons of the tribe who affiliate to the NCP and the SPLM now you can find a father belong to the National Congress Party (NCP) and his sons belong to the SPLM referring that this method can give the Dinka Ngok broad opportunities for participation in the administrative and less opportunities for Misseiriya.
Abdelrahman has questioned the credibility of the Dinka Ngok in the National Congress Party NCP indicating that their voices will not be in favor of the North, adding that their influence is weak and they are burden on the area.
Bakhtan warning from replacement and substitute in Abyei, explaining that there is process of arming to Dinka Ngok in Abyei with indirect ways and hidden methods aims to mount pressure on the Misseriya and force them to leave Abyei.
In the same context, Bakhtan considers that the presence of civil and police in Abyei by the State of the South, who are in fact armed forces and he believes that the withdrawal of SAF may result in the occupation of Abyei by the SPLA and impose their existence.
To involve the real conflict parties from Dinka and Misseriya in the negotiations after the solution to all that is happening now, Abdelrahman Bakhtan says the conflict is between the Misseriya and Dinka Ngok and negotiations between the NCP and the SPLM without involving the actual participation to the presence of population in the region.
The prominent leader of the Misseriya Abdul Rasul Alnor agrees with this opinion, he says in terms of the ongoing negotiations, they do not have any knowledge or information, except what published by the daily newspapers, criticizing this policy, saying we are not getting acquainted with negotiations, so we can not find out what are the difficulties, and we can not make use of our opinions, proposals for providing solutions.
According to the Misseriya the solution lies in the direct negotiations between the Misseriya and Dinka and not between the Government of Sudan and the State of South.
By Mohamed Abdullah, 19/06/2012