Khartoum Demands Compensation from Juba on Illegitimacy of War in Accordance to the UN Charter
Sudan's demand for compensation for the losses caused by the State of South Sudan as a result of its aggression on the Sudanese territories and oil facilities in Heglig was based on the illegitimacy of the war in principle; according to the UN charter that the war is illegal except for territories defense. As Sudan is part of the organization, this makes the demand a legitimate right which must be supported by the international community and its legal organizations.
The Ministry of Justice prepared lists of all the damages inflicted on Heglig area and all the Sudanese territories. These will be submitted to the international and regional bodies so as to reclaim these rights as per international laws and accords. The justice bodies affirmed that this right will not be dropped with the change of the regimes and it will be valid until Sudan reclaims it.
Ministry of Justice has started to prepare and count losses caused by the state of the South of Sudan in Heglig area
The Ministry of Justice revealed that it has prepared counting the losses caused by the aggression and violations committed by the State of South Sudan on Heglig area besides conducting the necessary investigations and legal compatibility to them. In addition to lodging the just case of Sudan before the legal regional and international institutions and demanding the rights of Sudan for the losses inflicted on people's lives properties, development revenues and resources. The Minister of Justice Mohammed Bushara Dossa affirmed that the government has formed a number of committees for the purpose of counting losses in lives, money and properties and obliging the State of the South to pay compensation.
The damages caused by the State of South Sudan includes stopping of oil
The Minister said the government will contact all legal bodies to regain Sudan rights. He refused to name specific bodies to submit these complaints to, emphasizing that they will address any event that speaks about the regional and international rights. He added that the government has counted all the previous violations committed by SPLM in the past and currently by the State of the South.
The aggression by the South after becoming State unjustified
The Minister stated that the aggression of the State of the South on Sudan after becoming a state is unjustified. This has become a new case against the government of the South, adding that if the South has repaid for the losses which it caused, we can proceed to another stage and if it refuses, the government will not just count the losses and remain silent.
The State of the South assaulted a Sovereign state and practiced sabotage and robbery
The legal expert Tarig Abdelfatah said that the State of the South supports SPLM, hosts Darfur rebel movements, SRF besides it entered a sovereign country. This in itself constitutes a crime. Then it burned and damaged the oil facilities. This is also considered as a crime for which it will totally be held responsible. Also Sudan has the right to demand compensations for the losses caused by it. He added that it caused organized sabotage by choosing the area and tools of sabotage; in addition to using foreigners who have experience to burn oil tankers. This sabotage was organized and systematic. This makes the State of the South completely responsible. The legal expert pointed out that the losses and damages that occurred in Heglig area during the presence of SPLA besides the existence of material evidence gathered from the battle ground represent a proof that convicts the State of the South.
Compensation for losses is not confined to the material damages
The legal expert reveals that the State of the South committed violations in civil, economic, social human rights. This is represented in violating the right of development and welfare stipulated in the international covenant of human rights as the oil flow has stopped due to its aggression on Heglig oil area. By doing this, it deprived the Sudanese people the right of development and welfare. Besides taking patients in Heglig hospital, women and children as prisoners of war (POWs). This is prohibited in the international law and all the international charters. He also confirmed that Sudan has to prepare its files to submit to the concerned bodies such as Human Rights Council in Geneva, African commission for Human Rights which is concerned with looking into peoples, rights.
On his part, the economic expert Mohammed Alnaer added that the liberation of Heglig after the heinous assault by the State of south Sudan, reflected positively on the economy especially after the official authorities declared their capability to put out the fires in oil fields and the petroleum companies commitment to re-operate the oil wells in the area as soon as possible. These companies also promised Sudan the production of 55-60 thousand barrels that stopped due to the occupation of the area.
Recapturing Heglig reflects positively on the prices of goods
The economic expert Mohammed Alnaer thinks that recapturing Heglig and its return to the homeland will reflect positively on the prices of the basic goods as the occupation reflected negatively on the economy through the hike of good and dollar prices which have later become stable. He said that the Greater Nile Petroleum Company before recapturing Heglig issued statement in which it affirmed its capability to restart operation as soon as possible. This was confirmed by the fact that 90% of the oil sectors are Sudanese which is regarded as a positive indicator.
By Khalda Elyas, 27/04/2012